Groundbreaking enforcement to ensure affordable housing goes to those who need it
SAN FRANCISCO (May 11, 2017) — City Attorney Dennis Herrera today announced he filed lawsuits against two people for defrauding the city’s affordable housing system, the latest in a series of legal steps Herrera has taken to address San Francisco’s housing crisis.
The two lawsuits filed in San Francisco Superior Court on Wednesday, May 10, 2017 allege the defendants either lied to obtain a below market rate condominium or deliberately flouted the purchase terms, taking advantage of a program designed to help low- and moderate-income households remain in an increasingly expensive city. Both lawsuits allege that the defendants’ misuse of their below market rate, or BMR, units was an unlawful, unfair and fraudulent business practice; violated the city’s Planning Code; and created a public nuisance. Along with the lawsuits, the city is serving notices of default on the defendants, which is the first step in collecting on promissory notes to the city that below market rate buyers sign to guarantee their pledge to follow the rules of the program. Those promissory notes are secured by a deed of trust on the BMR unit.
“Affordable housing is needed more now than at perhaps any time in our city’s history,” Herrera said. “For working- and middle-class residents, affordable housing is the key to whether they can remain in San Francisco. This is a struggle for the soul of our city. We are doing everything we can to stem the tide of San Francisco’s affordable housing crisis. That includes ensuring people aren’t illegally turning housing into mini-hotels through web platforms like Airbnb and bringing to justice rogue landlords who harass and illegally evict long-time, vulnerable tenants to jack up the rent. These two new lawsuits go after affordable housing fraud. When people try to game our affordable housing system, they keep homes out of the hands of those who truly need them. We’re putting a stop to that.”
San Francisco’s Inclusionary Affordable Housing Program is a major aspect of the city’s housing strategy. It requires developers to set aside a certain number of units to be sold to low- or middle-income households at below market rates in an effort to retain residents of all incomes in the city. Qualified low- and moderate-income, first-time homebuyers who wish to purchase a below market rate unit enter their names in a lottery. The lucky few whose names are chosen purchase the property for a below market price. In return, the households agree to abide by restrictions and conditions placed on the unit to ensure that the housing remains affordable and serves those most in need. For example, the purchasers must be a first-time homebuyer, occupy the property as their primary residence, and not rent it out without city approval. If a purchaser wants to move to another residence, the city facilitates the sale to another qualified buyer.
According to the complaint filed in court on Wednesday, Catherine C. Bailey bought a below market rate condominium at 888 7th St. in 2008. As part of the purchase, Bailey signed an affidavit that stated: “I understand that I cannot rent my property in part or whole without written approval from the Mayor’s Office of Housing or its successor and that I must remain in compliance with the guidelines set forth in the City and County of San Francisco Residential Inclusionary Affordable Housing Program Monitoring and Procedures Manual.”
But within months of the purchase, Bailey rented out the one-bedroom unit to a tenant and continued to do so for more than eight years. She did not notify the city or receive city permission to rent out the unit, but nevertheless collected rent. Bailey, meanwhile, lived in Chico, Calif., and then bought a home with her husband in 2015 in the Butte County community of Durham, Calif.
Documents executed by Bailey show that she wasn’t living in the unit and instead rented it out to a tenant. A lease agreement showed Bailey was renting the unit for $2,400 a month. In September 2016, when Bailey responded to a homeowner’s association complaint alleging disruptive behavior by her tenant, Bailey stated, “I own the unit, but rent it out . . . I live far away and I am in a very demanding program until May of 2017 . . . If you can show me proof that my tenant is involved in illegal activity or has damaged anything in the common area, I will be happy to evict him . . . AGAIN my address is … Durham, CA 95938 . . . Sincerely Catherine Bailey 888 7th Street, Unit 231 OWNER!” (Emphasis in original)
Then, in October 2016 and December 2016, Bailey filed unlawful detainer actions in court as the landlord of the property seeking to evict her tenant — reinforcing the fact that she wasn’t living in the unit and had rented it out.
“These units are public resources. They give low- and middle-income people who need them a place to live,” Herrera said. “They’re not investment properties for an out-of-town landlord to profit at the expense of working San Franciscans.”
Double BMR Owner
In the second case, defendant Rita Zakhrabova violated affordable housing rules by purchasing two below market rate units. Zakhrabova purchased her first below market rate unit at 400 Beale Street in 2002, and then she bought a second below market rate condominium unit at 333 First Street in 2005. To appear qualified to purchase the second unit, Zakhrabova lied by claiming she did not own the Beale Street unit and failed to disclose it on her list of assets. Zakhrabova, of course, was not qualified to buy the First Street unit in 2005, because she was not a first-time homebuyer.
The complaint explains that Zakhabova also violated the program rules by failing to use the First Street unit as her primary residence. In fact, Zakhrabova — an employee of the city’s Human Services Agency — filed an official document in February 2015 attesting that she has continuously occupied the Beale Street property since she purchased it in 2002.
“These defendants are illegally profiting from San Francisco’s limited stock of affordable housing,” Herrera said. “Their unlawful activity has denied law-abiding and deserving households the chance to live in units designated for low- and moderate-income San Franciscans.”
In both cases the city seeks a court order requiring the property owners to comply with the law, including selling the property to a qualified low-income household if the defendant cannot or will not comply with affordable housing rules. The lawsuit also seeks penalties of up to $2,500 for each unlawful, unfair, or fraudulent act by the defendants, as well as penalties of at least $200 per day for violations of the Planning Code. Combined, those penalties could total hundreds of thousands of dollars per defendant. The City also seeks attorney’s fees as well as enforcement costs.
The cases are: City and County of San Francisco, et al. v. Catherine C. Bailey, San Francisco Superior Court, CGC 17-558786, filed May 10, 2017; and City and County of San Francisco, et al. v. Rita Zakhrabova, San Francisco Superior Court, CGC 17-558787, filed May 10, 2017. Additional documentation from the case is available on the City Attorney’s website at: https://www.sfcityattorney.org/.
To make a complaint about potential violations of San Francisco’s Planning Code or other municipal codes, call the City Attorney’s Code Enforcement Hotline, 415-554-3977.
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